Da Vinci Project

The Da Vinci project is an interdisciplinary honours programme on sustainability for 2nd- and 3rd-year Bachelor’s students who are looking for an extra challenge.

Sustainability challenges

Do you want to meet people from different backgrounds, look across disciplinary boundaries and collaborate outside your comfort zone? Are you willing to try new things and want to work together in interdisciplinary teams on real-life sustainability related challenges with the involvement of important stakeholders? And above all, are you not afraid to fail? Then the new Da Vinci Project might be interesting for you!

Further information is available at the bottom of the page.

Descartes College

The Descartes College offers interdisciplinary honours courses for Bachelor’s students in Dutch. These courses differ from other honours courses due to their broad nature, covering various fields. The Descartes courses enable you to see how your own discipline relates to others. You will discuss topics with fellow students and teachers from other specialisations. Each course reflects upon the academic disciplines from a different perspective. You can take the honours courses in your second and third year of your Bachelor’s degree. The language of the courses is Dutch.

Application and the selection process

Students who are motivated and have a broad interest in different topics can sign up for selection for the Descartes College at the end of the first year of their Bachelor’s programme. Are you already an honours student? In that case you do not need to take part in the selection process and you can sign up directly (each semester) for one or more courses of the Descartes College.

More information

For more information and course offerings contact the Descartes College team at, or scroll to the bottom to the page (in Dutch).

Syllabus Catalysis Course (SK-BKATA)

Catalysis is everywhere! Catalysts can, amongst others, be found in our body (enzymes are essential for life), they are applied in the automotive industry (to clean exhaust fumes), in laundry detergent (to break down food remains on your dirty clothes) and in the chemical, and food industries (no gasoline, plastic, beer, bread or wine without the right catalyst). The importance of catalysis as a tool for the chemist is further illustrated by the fact that 90% of all new chemical processes has one or more catalytic steps. In these lectures, we will treat the different sides of catalysis, more specifically bio-, homogeneous, and heterogeneous catalysis, together. While in biocatalysis mainly enzymes function as catalysts, in homogeneous catalysis these are mainly organometallic complexes and in heterogeneous catalysis, they are porous solid inorganic materials. In this course, we want to stress the differences and similarities within the different disciplines so that you are capable of assessing a chemical conversion in a multidisciplinary fashion. Theory and practical lectures will be tools to gain a general understanding of the different subsections.

In the second part of the course, academic context is key. In a group assignment, a catalytic process will be assessed on its potential to convert both fossil and renewable resources into an important chemical compound. This results in a paper and a poster presentation. During the excursion, the participants will get a feeling for the scale of the chemical industry, and integrated approaches to make a process economically viable. Furthermore, the importance of safety is stressed. Last, as catalysis goes hand in hand with innovation, a lecture on patent law will be given by Professor Eelco Vogt (Universiteit Utrecht/Albemarle). 

After successfully passing this course, you will be capable of getting a global impression of a scientific article in a catalysis journal. It should provide you with tools to solve a problem with the most suitable approach. Furthermore, there will be enough theoretical baggage to understand societal problems and provide you with an academic vision.

Further information is available at the bottom of the page.

Spectroscopy of molecules and materials (SK-B2SPEC)

The Spectroscopy of Molecules and Materials course aims to deepen a number of relevant spectroscopic techniques. In addition, basic knowledge in the field of symmetry and group theory is imparted. Finally, the course is consistent with practice and insight is given into the operation of spectroscopic equipment and the interpretation of spectra. Specifically, the following goals can be identified:

  • Symmetry and group theory. Students learn to recognize symmetry elements and to classify molecules and objects into point groups.
  • Properties of groups, representations and character tables can be used to understand selection rules, molecular orbital formation and splitting of states.
  • Energy levels of partially filled peels (p n , d n , f n ). Term symbols are determined from microstates.
  • Insight into Tanabe-Sugano diagrams and their application for explaining optical properties of 3d n transition metals
  • Lanthanide ion spectroscopy. Understanding of 4f n energy level scheme (Dieke diagram) and specific optical properties of lanthanides.
  • Understanding of applications optical properties of 3d and 4f transition metals (color, light sources, luminescent (nano) materials).
  • Spin resonance spectroscopy. Students learn the principles of magnetic and angular moments, and the quantification of levels in the presence and absence of a magnetic field, including the associated selection rules, interaction between nuclei, and relaxation times.
  • The similarities and differences between nuclear resonance spectroscopy and electron resonance are determined, in envertaald concepts of spin Hamiltonian and symmetry of molecules, and 3d n transition metals. Attention is paid to the concept of (super) hyperfine splitting.
  • The principles behind magnetic resonance imaging, in particular the influence of relaxation times and the presence of paramagnetic elements.
  • Insights into the diatomic trill are translated into principles for examining polyatomic molecules using vibration spectroscopy, including the understanding of skeletal and group vibrations and the concept of selection rules, overtones and combination bands.
  • Differences between Raman and infrared spectroscopy, including selection rules and complementarity, as well as ways to increase the sensitivity of Raman spectroscopy. Attention to the influence of rotational on vibrational spectroscopy.
  • Understanding the combination of atomic force microscopy (AFM) or scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with vibration spectroscopy leading to techniques of AFM-IR, SEM-Raman and Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS), whereby the resolution of vibration spectroscopy is brought (or correlated) in the nanometer area to study materials.
  • Insight into the operation of spectroscopic equipment such as Infrared, Raman, UV / VIS spectrometers, NMR, EPR, Luminescence and Lasers.
  • Experience in recording, interpreting and analyzing spectra of inorganic materials (catalysts and phosphors).
  • Construction of a simple spectrometer for gaining experience with the components in a monochromator (‘hardware’) and interfacing with software for reading out spectra.

Further information is available at the bottom of the page.

Da Vinci Project - Further details

Program: Focus on global challenges

Six groups of five students originating from different scientific backgrounds work together on a specific sustainable development-related challenge provided by an external partner, ranging from private sector (e.g. VNCI, MBK-NL or VNO NCW) to local and national governments (e.g. municipality Utrecht and Ministry of EZK).  The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, a blueprint for a better and more sustainable future for all, are a guiding principle for this project.

You focus on different global challenges like clean air, sustainable housing and waste as a resource. And will analyze the impact of these challenges by researching on three different and complementary levels: the world, the country and the city. Design Thinking is used as a method to find solutions for the different challenges. Through an active learning-by-doing approach, you will be trained to collaborate transdisciplinary, thereby broadening your horizon. You will acquire new skills for life hard to acquire in a normal academic environment.

Construct a prototype

To finish this programme successfully, we ask you to deliver a real prototype, which you construct together with your team members. This prototype is complemented by a reflection report, in which you tell us about your own experiences with interdisciplinarity, teamwork, design thinking and working with external parties. Together with your team, you will pitch your solution and prototype to the external partner.


The Da Vinci Project is a selective 10 EC course at undergraduate level, to be taken on top of any Bachelor’s programme.

The programme is for 2nd- and 3-rd year students

There is no programme fee

8 November 2020 until 22 April 2021 (study period 2 & 3) on Monday evenings

Kick off day is on 8 November 2020

Presentation of the prototypes on 22 April 2021

Da Vinci Project - Application procedure

Application and interviews

Application for the programme 2020-2021 will be open in summer 2020. We will keep you informed at this website.

Admission requirements

  • You want to look across disciplinary boundaries;
  • You are a creative thinker;
  • You want to make a true connection to yourself and the group;
  • You are a good communicator;
  • You have respect for each scientific discipline and believe that every academic background is necessary to find the missing piece of a puzzle;
  • You are able to take responsibility and ownership;
  • You have an entrepreneurial  attitude;
  • You are resilient and not afraid to fail.

Due to the corona virus, changes to the selection procedure or the programme can be made, depending on the circumstances. Up to date information is published on the website.

Descartes College - Opzet van het programma


  •  Descartes College duurt 2 jaar en start in september
  • Je volgt het Descartes College naast je reguliere studie
  • Als je goede resultaten hebt behaald voor blok 1 en 2 van je eerste jaar, dan is de kans groot dat je deze extra uitdaging aan kunt
  • Het onderwijs is in de avonduren (maandagavond of dinsdagavond)
  • 15 EC per jaar (7,5 EC per cursus)
  • Je krijgt een honourscertificaat na afronding
  • Je bent onderdeel van onze honourscommunity: we eten regelmatig met elkaar en maken buitenlandreizen
  • Er zijn geen kosten aan het programma verbonden, behalve (beperkte) eigen bijdrages voor de reizen en uitjes
Cursus 1. Een waaier aan wetenschappen


Eerste jaar Descartes College
Maandagavond (17.15 of 19.15 uur) najaar 2020
Tijdens blok 1 en 2
7,5 EC

Cursus 2. Wetenschap in maatschappelijke context


Eerste jaar Descartes College
Maandagavond (17.15 of 19.15 uur) voorjaar 2021
Tijdens blok 3 en 4
7,5 EC

Cursus 3. Humaniteit: van robotica tot genetica


Tweede jaar Descartes College
Dinsdagavond najaar 2020
Tijdens blok 1 en 2
7,5 EC

Cursus 4. De eenentwintigste eeuw


Tweede jaar Descartes College
Dinsdagavond voorjaar 2021
Tijdens blok 3 en 4
7,5 EC


Je volgt de cursussen in je tweede en derde jaar. Als je het hele cursusaanbod doorloopt, dan volg je in je tweede jaar cursus 1 en 2 en in je derde jaar cursus 3 en 4. Als je cursus 1 en 2 op dinsdagavond volgt, dan heb je cursus 3 en 4 in het volgende jaar automatisch ook op de dinsdagavond. Hetzelfde geldt voor de maandagavonden.


  • Colleges van belangrijke sprekers van verschillende universiteiten of andere instellingen
  • Discussies, debatten, rollenspellen of andere interactieve uitwisselingsvormen
  • Voorbereidende literatuur en literatuuropdracht bij elke bijeenkomst
  • Cursusopdrachten: schrijfopdrachten en het maken van opdrachten in nieuwere media (video-essay, podcast, vlog etc.)
  • Afsluitende borrel na elke bijeenkomst
  • Excursies naar musea en buitenlandse universiteiten


Het Descartes College stimuleert internationalisering. Zo is er een uitwisseling met het zusterprogramma aan de Universiteit Gent en organiseren studenten in cursus 4 zelf een studiereis naar een buitenlandse universiteitsstad. Ook een half jaar studeren in het buitenland is mogelijk. Je maakt dan een vervangende opdracht die aansluit bij zowel je buitenlandervaring als het Descartes College.

Descartes College - Aanmelding en selectie

Je kunt je tot en met 1 juni 2020 aanmelden voor het Descartes College

Bij je aanmelding moet je meesturen (zie het aanmeldformulier voor de details):

  • cv met foto
  • motivatiebrief
  • essay over wat studeren voor jou betekent
  • cijferlijst Osiris

Motivatie en selectie

Het Descartes College is bedoeld voor studenten die gemotiveerd zijn en in het eerste jaar van hun bacheloropleiding aan de Universiteit Utrecht goede resultaten hebben behaald voor de eerste twee blokken en/of extra-curriculaire cursussen hebben voltooid. Bij een 7 gemiddeld voor de eerste blokken mag je ervan uitgaan dat je het honoursprogramma aankunt. Ook bij een lager gemiddelde kun je je aanmelden voor de selectieprocedure. De richtlijn wordt uiteraard wel meegenomen door de selectiecommissie, maar motivatie is altijd doorslaggevend. We verwachten van je dat je je voluit inzet en bij alle contactmomenten aanwezig bent.

De selectiegesprekken zijn in juni. Je hoort per mail of je wordt uitgenodigd voor een gesprek. Rond 8 juli weet je of je bent toegelaten tot het programma.

In verband met de situatie rondom het coronavirus kunnen er wijzigingen in het werving- en selectieproces of in het programma worden doorgevoerd, al naar gelang de situatie daar om vraagt. Op de website vind je de actuele gegevens.

Ben je al honoursstudent bij je eigen faculteit?

Als je al een facultaire honoursstudent bent, kun je je aanmelden voor een van de cursussen van het Descartes College. Dit kun je, in overleg met je faculteit, inzetten als verbredingscomponent binnen je honoursprogramma. Je schrijft je hiervoor in via Osiris tijdens de reguliere inschrijfperiodes van de universiteit. Wil je je aanmelden voor het hele programma? Gebruik dan wel het aanmeldformulier en vermeld duidelijk dat je al honoursstudent bent in je motivatiebrief. We nodigen je dan uit voor een matchingsgesprek.

Let op. Inschrijven via Osiris kan alleen als je in Osiris geregistreerd staat als honoursstudent. Als dit niet het geval is, krijg je een foutmelding. Vraag dan je honourscoördinator je te registreren als honoursstudent in Osiris.

SK-BKATA - Further information


To treat the concepts of catalysis in an integrated manner as a tool for the chemist. Bio-, homogeneous- and heterogeneous catalysis will be covered.

Study load

7.5 ECTS-points

Form of education

Lectures, practical sessions, excursion, poster presentation, report and chemistry in context.


The courses Organic Chemistry 2, and Inorganic Chemistry and Solids from the 2nd year bachelor are recommended to follow this course. In case these subjects have not been followed, it is the student’s own responsibility to contact the respective lecturers when problems may arise.

Study material

Syllabi, text material and handouts will be made available (e.g. via Blackboard); also, the book “Catalysis, Concepts and Green Applications, 2nd Revised & Enlarged Edition”, Wiley-VCH, Gadi Rothenberg, 2017.


Exam (65%) assignment (35%)

  • Partial grades should be at least 5,0
  • Final grades should be at least 5,5 (which becomes a 6,0).

For reexamination, the following requirements are set:

  • The final grade should be at least a 4,0.

Students that have passed the group assignment last year are eligible for exemption this year. In that case, the results of last year will be used for grading this year.

Meerklasje: (+1pt)

For excellent students, who wish to deepen their knowledge in catalysis (and, consequently earn up to 1 full extra point on the total course mark) we offer an extra assignment. This assignment will result in a graded presentation on a current topic in catalysis for which up to 1 bonus point may be earned. Each student will get a recent high impact paper around which she/he will construct and give a 10-minute presentation. This way the students who join the “meerklasje” will both deepen their knowledge in a current topic in catalysis and improve their presentation skills. As part of this assignments, participants to the meerklasje will be visiting our catalysis laboratories twice to see how research in catalysis actually takes place.

The earned bonus point will be void for the re-take exam.


The written exam has 3 questions; 1 question per part. The different subsections each have their own weight, which will contribute to 1 final grade:

  • Heterogeneous catalysis: 47%
  • Molecular catalysis: 47%
  • Lecture patent law: 6%

Group assignment

Practical information: The assignment subjects include chemical substances among the most largely produced building blocks:

  • butadiene
  • styrene
  • heptanal
  • acrylamide
  • acrylonitrile
  • methyl methacrylate
  • phenol
  • propylene
  • pyridine
  • maleic anhydride
  • terephthalic acid
  • ethylenediamine

Groups of 6 students will be made based on individual interest in a certain topic.


  • To get insight into a current industrial catalytic production process, to design new catalytic production processes based on renewable resources and to assess and reflect on the sustainability issues and advantages of the old and new routes. To this extent, a chemical substance currently produced in large volumes and used as chemical building block will be chosen. The status quo process to obtain such chemical should first be presented. Then, two alternative routes should be found, one starting from CO2, one from biomass/waste. Such routes should be a multiple-step catalytic process. 20% of the assignment should be dedicated to the sustainability considerations of the old and new routes.

Paper (Contents)

  • Describe the chemical substance of choice, its physical properties, applications and the production routes that are currently in use, focusing specifically and into depth to the status quo of the current mostly employed way of producing it;
  • Give a general overview of other two alternative routes, one route starting from CO2, one with Biomass/waste as starting material;
  • Describe a detailed overview of the catalytic steps of both routes. Take all conditions and properties of the process into critical account; that is, process conditions, mechanism, catalyst materials (structures), etc;
  • Use the ChemCatChem template (two-column) and write a 8000-word paper.

Poster (contents)

  • Two posters should be created, one for the route starting from CO2 and one for the Biomass/waste alternative. Both posters offer the current industrial route as introduction. A template for the poster will be made available on Blackboard. This template should be strictly adhered to. Pay attention to the deadline for approval of the poster and the printing deadlines at Xerox.
  • Furthermore, the title and a PDF file of the poster should be sent to the assistant Caroline Versluis (contact details below).


  • to be determined


The excursion will be day-long and on October 19th. The excursion will take place at an industrial company. PLEASE NOTE: for the excursion we need an ID-card or passport number (no drivers licenses). This same document should be brought on the day itself to be checked. Furthermore, be aware of the clothing requirements; closed-toe shoes, long pants and long sleeves.


For any general questions regarding the paper, excursion, and results, please contact:

Caroline Versluis;

Ellen Sterk;

Joren Dorresteijn;

SK-BKATA - Study goals/contents

Introductory lecture
  • The essence of catalysis; breaking and making bonds.
  • Strengths/weaknesses analysis of bio-, homogeneous, and heterogeneous catalysis.
  • Driving forces for trends in catalysis.
  • Economical and societal relevance of catalysis.
  • Brief history of catalysis.

Heterogeneous catalysis

General theory of catalysis, heterogeneous industrial catalysis and kinetics
  • Heterogeneous catalysis; overview, including crude oil refinery, vegetable oil refinery, polymerization catalysis and automotive catalysis.
  • Effect of adsorption and complex formation on kinetics, including Langmuir adsorption.
  • Activated complex theory and the concept of active site
  • Temperature dependence activation energy
  • Langmuir-Hinshelwood and Eley-Rideal kinetics
  • Sabatier principle and structure-sensitivity of catalytic reactions
Theory of and research on heterogeneous catalysis
  • Adsorption of atoms and molecules on solid surfaces
  • The active site and its environment: Support, solvent and confinement effects
  • CO/CO2/H2/hydrocarbons reactions on metal (oxide) catalysts
  • Solid Brønsted acids as catalysts, including zeolites
  • Brønsted and Lewis acid catalyzed reactions of hydrocarbons
  • Hydrogenation and oxidation catalysis on metal surfaces

Molecular catalysis

General aspects of molecular catalysis, similarities between the fields
Theory of, research on and industrial application of homogeneous catalysis
  • Binding in organometallic coordination complexes
  • Elementary reaction steps in organometallic complexes
  • Activation of substrate molecules
  • Examples of homogeneous catalytic processes (hydroformylation, polypropylene)
Theory of, research on and industrial application of biocatalysis
  • Active centers of enzymes, structure and specific interactions
  • Typical reaction mechanisms: acid-base catalysis, covalent catalysis
  • chirality, kinetic resolution
  • biotech applications, immobilization
  • protein engineering/directed evolution
  • (Single) enzyme kinetics (Michaelis-Menten)
Group assignment
  • Setting up a plan to produce a chemical substance which results in a paper and a poster.
  • Excursion, including presentations and demonstrations from employees.

SK-BKATA - Resumes of the lecturers

Prof. dr. P.C.A. Bruijnincx

Pieter Bruijnincx received his PhD at Utrecht University in 2007, developing homogeneous iron-based catalysts for selective oxidation reactions. These catalysts mimicked the structure and function of non-heme iron oxygenases, a versatile family of oxidation enzymes. After his promotion, he did a postdoctoral stay in England where he worked in the field of chemical biology on the design of organometallic and coordination compounds as inorganic anti-cancer drugs. In  2009 he returned to Utrecht University and joined the Inorganic Chemistry & Catalysis group to work on the development of new catalytic processes for the sustainable production of chemicals and fuels from biomass. As of 2018 he is full professor in ‘Sustainable Chemistry & Catalysis’ at the Organic Chemistry & Catalysis group.

Address: David de Wiedgebouw, room 5.82, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht; Tel.: 06-22736354, E-mail:

Prof. dr. ir. B.M. Weckhuysen

Bert Weckhuysen studied to be an engineer in chemical and agricultural industries at the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium). After he received his PhD in the field of heterogeneous catalysis in 1995, he fulfilled a postdoctoral position at American catalysis laboratories for two years, where he became more acquainted with catalyst characterization methods. In 2000 he became a full professor at the Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis group of the Debye Institute for Nanomaterials at Utrecht University. Since 2018 he is Distinguished University Professor at Utrecht University. His research entails the characterization of the working catalyst by the help of microscopic & spectroscopic techniques, and the development of new catalysts for the production of chemical building blocks from sustainable resources, including biomass, waste and carbon dioxide. His research team strives to build a “powerful camera” to chemically image active solid catalysts from the level of the chemical reactor down to the level of single atoms and molecules.

Address: David de Wiedgebouw, room 4.82, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht; Tel.: 030-2534328, E-mail:

Prof. dr. E.T.C. (Eelco) Vogt

Eelco Vogt earned his PhD. at Utrecht University in 1988. His dissertation concerned the preparation and properties of catalysts supported on modified silica and upon completion of his PhD, he began working as a researcher at the catalysts business unit of Akzo Nobel. During his industrial career he worked on a.o. on hydro processing catalysts (HPC), zeolites, and fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts. From 1996 to 1999 he worked in Akzo Nobel’s research lab in Pasadena, near Houston, Texas. Akzo Nobel Catalysts was acquired by Albemarle Corporation (a catalyst company based in Charlotte, North Carolina) in 2004. Dr. Vogt went on to become director of several different businesses of the corporation and he was also was R&D manager for Albemarle’s R&D center in Bergheim, Germany. In 2014 he is professor by special appointment of Refinery Catalysis at the group of Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis at Utrecht University.

Address: David de Wiedgebouw, room 2.78, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht; E-mail:

SK-B2SPEC- Further information

Course code: SK-B2SPEC

ECTS credits: 7.5

Level: 2 (Bachelor Elaborating)

Language of instruction: Dutch

Contact person: Prof. Dr. A. Meijerink

Lecturers: Prof. Dr. A. Meijerink, Prof. Dr. ir. B. Weckhuysen

Teaching period: 4 (26/04/2021 to 09/07/2021)

Study mode: full time


The course starts with a fundamental description of symmetry and group theory for a better understanding of various spectroscopic techniques. Then magnetic resonance techniques (NMR and EPR), vibration spectroscopy (IR and Raman) and optical spectroscopy (UV-Vis and luminescence) of 3d and 4f elements are discussed. Here theoretical concepts such as hyperfine splitting, selection rules, microstates, term symbols, Tanabe-Sugano diagrams and crystal field splitting of energy levels are thoroughly derived. Applications of spectroscopic techniques in catalysis and lighting, for example, illustrate how the acquired knowledge is applied to solve industrial problems. 

Spectroscopy of Molecules and Materials builds on knowledge gained from Spectroscopy lectures in year 1 and fits in well with inorganic chemistry lectures in years 1 and 2. The course also aims to impart knowledge and insight into symmetry and group theory, which can be applied in many fields form a basis within Chemistry for a better understanding of the properties of molecules and materials. The in-depth theory and introduction to the operation of spectroscopic techniques is useful for research masters, both  Molecular and Cellular Life Sciences  and  Nanomaterials Science. Spectroscopic analysis techniques play an important role within these master’s programs and a deeper understanding of the theory and practice of spectroscopic techniques helps to conduct the research. The course also provides students with prior knowledge, which is necessary for in-depth courses such as  Advanced Spectroscopy  in the  Nanomaterials Science  master.

Prerequisite knowledge

Spectroscopy Level 1, Quantum Chemistry Level 1, Inorganic Chemistry Level 1.

Prerequisite knowledge can be obtained through

Prerequisites can be gained by Chemistry students with: Organic Chemistry and Spectroscopy (sk-borsp), Physical and Inorganic Chemistry (sk-bfyan13), Spectroscopy and Analysis (sk-b1spanx) and Quantum Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry (sk-bkwan), Inorganic and Solid Substance Chemistry (sk-banv13).

Required materials

  • Study manual Spectroscopy of Molecules and Materials
  • M. Weller, T. Overton et al., “Inorganic Chemistry”, 7th edition
  • P. W. Atkins, “Physical Chemistry”, 11th edition, Oxford University Press (2018) OF: D.W. Ball, “Physical Chemistry”. 2nd edition

Recommended materials

  • J.M. Hollas, “Modern Spectroscopy” (4th ed.) Wiley
  • F.A. Cotton, “Chemical Applications of Group Theory”
  • J.A. Weil, J.R. Bolton and J.E. Wertz: “Electron Paramagnetic Resonance”
  • C.N. Banwell, “Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy” (3rd ed.)


Final result
Test weight 100
Minimum grade –


The final grade Spectroscopy of Molecules and Materials is determined as follows: 30% submission assignments, 30% practical exercises (report and presentation) and 40% final test. A minimum of 5.0 must be obtained for each of the three components. The average grade must be at least 5.5 to pass the course. It is not allowed to retake if the average is lower than 4.0.