Aviation fuel is in an increasing demand worldwide. Using the greenhouse gas CO2 as the raw carbon source shows colossal potential not only as a substitute for conventional fossil resources, such as coal, oil, and gas, but also to abate global warming. In this context, this project aims to the synthesis of aviation fuels by using CO2 as the building block via a methanol-mediated chemical hydrogenation process. A set of novel catalyst materials consisting of metal oxides loaded zeolites will be developed to actualize the low-temperature CO2 activation coupled with carbon chain growth process. The structure-reactivity/selectivity for the synthesis of target C8-C16 aviation fuel ingredients, as well as the synergetic action of oxygen vacancies with B/L acid sites in this cascade process, will be explored using advanced in situ characterization techniques.